HISTORY OF TRADITIONAL INDIAN JEWELLERY
The history of Traditional Indian Jewelry is as old as Indian History! The word jewelry originates from the Latin word “jocale”, meaning plaything. 5000-7000 years ago during Ramayana & Mahabharata times was when jewelry and therefore the art of eager to beautify oneself was popularised. Traces of beaded jewelry are often found back to 1500 BC during the Indus Valley Civilization.
In India, jewelry is not just a means of adding glitter and attraction to the personality. Infact, it holds tremendous significance, especially for women. It is customarily worn as a mark of auspicious to invite good omen. It is also believed to increase various religious beliefs and for social security. It is associated with power, prosperity and status. first both men and women used to wear ample of them but with the passage of time, men don’t really seem to be keen on wearing them, owing to the latest fashion trends that don’t give much importance to jewelry for men.
For a woman in India wearing jewelry signifies the status of the woman in society. For example, a woman wearing Mangalsutra, chooriyan, bichiye and maang-tika is identified as married. She wears them the moment she is declared as married, following certain marriage rituals like Mangalya Dharanam.
During the Vedic period, texts like Ratna Pariksha and therefore the Ratna Rahasya elaborated on the art of testing gemstones and using gemstones for astrological purposes while Daivajna Varahmihira’s Brihat-Samhita first categorised 22 ratnas. Not only in texts, the craftsmanship of Indian jewellers is wonderfully depicted in sculptures from Bhahrut, Gandhara, Mathura, Sanchi, Bodhgaya, and Amaravati.
The influence of invaders is visible in jewelry found in Taxila, which is influenced by Greco Roman style, almost like Scythian or Persian ornamentation.
Paintings at Ajanta also depict jewelry, and ancient Tamil poem Silappadikaram (5 – 6 CE) describes ‘the story of the jeweled anklet’, chronicling life during the Chola-Pandya rule including trade gold, pearls, and precious stones. The temple jewelry of South India was finely crafted in gold and embedded with gemstones like rubies and emeralds, also as patterned after various gods and goddesses or set in attractive designs like gopuramor temple entrance towers.
The Indian jewellery tradition is interesting due to the various reasons they’re worn. they’re beautiful beyond any doubt highlighting one’s beauty, but their possessions transcend the only purpose of adorning oneself.
Gold and Silver Jewelry
Gold and silver in India isn’t only a valuable but also sacred. this is often one among the explanations why gold or silver jewelry is bought by Indian households on auspicious days like Akshaya Tritiya and Dhanteras because it is taken into account as lucky. There also goes a word called ‘Stri Dhan’ meaning ‘a woman’s wealth’. The tradition of gifting women gold jewelry on her marriage has been finished providing financial security for the lady starting a replacement life. The Vedic Hindu tradition also regards gold as a logo of immortality. the traditional scriptures mention the origin of human life from the Hiranyagarbha or ‘golden womb’.
Navaratna - Nine Gems in Indian Jewelry
The concept of Navaratna is that the use of nine gems amulet worn by a Maharajah or an emperor. the utilization of nine precious gems symbolizes the facility of nine Hindu deities. the gathering of the nine gems includes diamond, emerald, ruby, pearl, sapphire, cat’s eye, topaz, coral and red zircon. The wearing of this might mean the supremacy of the ruler connected to the divinities.
The dazzling works of Kundan, Jadau, Meenakari, Lacquer, Navaratna et al. thrive among beautiful renditions by jewelry designers. While Indian jewelers have produced exquisite collections, particularly those for bridal wear, we discover interesting fusions and creations abroad also .
Indian jewelry brands are being led by personalities of both well-established dealers also as emerging designers who have received positive acclaim like Nitya Arora, Suhani Pittie, and Moni Agarwal. Fusion jewelry combining Indian and western tastes have often lighted up the ramps of popular fashion walks.
The charm of Indian jewelry has captivated the hearts of the celebrities of the west who have showcased their passion for it on various occasions. Mang Tikas, Tiklis, Nose rings, jhumkas and other tid bits of Indian jewelry are embraced by Hollywood celebrities every now then . Natalie Portman, Katy Perry, Jessica Alba, Selena Gomez, Madonna, Shakira and a number of others have donned the design with Indian jewellery in award functions, music videos, movies or performances
Indian jewelry holds an enchantment, drawing legacy from the Mughals and Maharajahs to the exquisite contemporary bridal jewellery. it might be rather difficult to return across a fashion lover without a taste for such beautiful creations. (source of Google)